Slovakia: Incentives for males to devote some time off work for household existence

Slovakia: Incentives for males to devote some time off work for household existence

Teenagers in Slovakia were increasingly splitting with customs to take time to care for kids. There’s a small but constant boost in the numbers of men taking advantage of two kinds of adult entitlement: adult allowance and maternity profit (ready to accept dads under certain problems).


In Slovakia, mothers and ladies have actually typically started responsible for childcare, and men’s participation in household duties and family members life is a quite previous development. This proce try sustained by overall cultural and worth alterations in Slovakian culture, additionally because of the better contribution of women into the labor markets and by the utilization of strategies for your economic help of family. Included in this are legislative methods to increase their unique positive and so also to improve the many men taking part in childcare – that are sparking an optimistic response among guys.

This article discusses the rise in popularity of two allowances:

  • the non-contributory adult allowance;
  • the contributory pregnancy profit.

Parental allowance

This condition non-contributory lump-sum advantages was brought in by operate No. 571/2009 Coll. on adult allowance. It’s an allowance for the common system funded from the condition budget (fees). An operating individual (female or male) usually takes adult allow and acquire the allowance rather than wages. As well, the employer is required keeping the work position open for that employee.

Adult leave, given to within the Labour laws, is provided with to a moms and dad on a full time foundation and certainly will also be used in obstructs of at least 30 days (until the little one reaches eight years old). You on parental leave keeps their own contributions for personal insurance rates and old-age retirement compensated from the county. The time scale of parental leave and the pay it off may be provided by the moms and dads.

The power was depending on the moms and dad are in charge of the right childcare of at least one youngster as much as three-years of age (or doing six, in the case of children with long-lasting illness). The actual quantity of the allowance was growing slowly; from €136 per month in 2008 to €203.20 in 2014, which is the present levels.

Information through the core workplace of work, Social issues and household demonstrate that men’s desire for parental allow as well as their consumption associated with the parental allowance was increasing.

Even though the number of p arental allowance as a percentage of wages hasn’t enhanced, the number of boys getting it’s. Last year, the allowance was obtained by 3,971 guys, along with 2016 it actually was gotten by 5,894 males, a rise by 48percent. Although, from a broad attitude, the proportion of men on parental allow remains little, the development is obvious: a stable rise in the amount of men on parental allow – from 2.23 percent last year to 3.14% in 2016 (desk 1). percent allowance from salary

Resource: main company of work, personal issues and parents, Statistical dating executive company of this Slovak Republic

Maternity perks

Pregnancy benefit are a contributory advantage under Act No. 461/2003 Coll. on social insurance policies. In Slovakia, pregnancy set for pregnancy and childcare features lasted more than six months for several many years.

a mother, having led for at least 270 period on the health insurance system for the 24 months preceding the beginning, try qualified for obtain maternity perks. In the case of self-employed and voluntary insured group, the repayment of insurance policies efforts is needed.

Utilizing the utilization of another laws in 2003, fathers may also today look after their particular kid and receive pregnancy benefit when the mother’s advantages ends. Thus, the overall full time proper care of a tiny youngsters by their parents can last for more than one-year (56 months in practice). But these a choice has not been availed of definitely. Alternatively, one of the two parents, after having received all of the maternity advantage, next generally continues to take care of the child and state parental allowance.

But from 2011, the problems for obtaining pregnancy advantages being switching making use of intention of providing much better financial help young moms and dads. The duration of entitlement to maternity perks has increased – from 28 to 34 months whenever one child comes into the world to children with two parents, and 37 weeks in the event of an individual mothe.

The quantity of the advantage has also increasing. It really is computed in line with the mother’s past gro salary. It actually was ready at no more than 1.5 hours the common national gro salary but, from January, the most has grown to be double the average national gro salary.

The first rates is 55 percent of this aement base, growing to:

  • 60per cent from 1 January 2011;
  • 65per cent from 1 January 2012;
  • 70percent from 1 January 2016;
  • 75percent from 1 July 2017.

Under these favourable conditions, truly becoming rewarding for a few individuals to stop the man’s money for your duration during which the guy could get maternity perks.

Regulations states that the father of children, in arrangement making use of the child’s mom, try entitled to simply take adult leave no prior to when six-weeks following the day of shipping (and provided mom will not get pregnancy profit or adult allowance likewise), also to see pregnancy profit until the youngsters reaches age three. Parents may consecutively (yet not simultaneously) get pregnancy advantage – the father for six-weeks le versus mummy. The necessity because of this is that the moms and dads have made personal insurance policies efforts for around 270 time throughout the earlier 24 months.

Supply: Social Insurance Agency; Act No. 461/2003 Coll. on personal insurance coverage


The info reveal that the quantity of guys with was given pregnancy perks has increased significantly, especially since 2014, when there had been 717 claimants, to 1,731 situations in 2015 in order to 3,079 situation in 2016 (Table 2). It can be aumed that interest will continue to develop. But must asserted that the media promotions in 2014 along with 2016, which recognized the political procedures to improve the quantity of the allowance, comprise in addition in charge of men’s increasing desire for taking good care of their small children. Relating to readily available statistics, pregnancy benefit might become attractive to get more males and.

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